A balanced diet for a dog is considered to be about 75% meat and bones, and 25% fruit & vegetables. For cats, the meat and bones part should be closer to 90- 95%.
Every individual dog should be observed for weight changes and feeding amounts adjusted accordingly. These are guidelines only.
Puppies: (weaning - 12 months) and pregnant/lactating mothers should receive 5-10% of their body weight.
Adult Dogs: (12 months and up) should receive approximately 2-3% of their ideal body weight.
Feeding your pet a variety of 4 different proteins can cost less than you might think. An adult 40 lb. dog eating Chicken, Beef, a fish and maybe some Tripe will cost less than $4.00 per day. A smaller dog of 12 lbs. eating the same product will cost less than $25.00 for one month.
Supplements are a tricky call. Some say it is unnecessary while others over supplement, and that is where the danger lays. Vitamins B and C are water-soluble, which means whatever the body does not use, is eliminated in the urine. You basically cannot "overdo" the vitamins except too much can cause loose bowels (that's why you often see it recommended to supplement with Vitamin C "to bowel tolerance"). Vitamins A, D, E and K are fat-soluble and it IS possible to cause problems by over-supplementing - sometimes the problems can be as bad if not worse than UNDER supplementation.
As a general rule supplements should be given to make up or balance what the diet itself may lack. For example, a dog that doesn't like fish can definitely use some fish oil as a supplement for its fatty acid content. There is no magic formula and supplements should be considered on a pet-by-pet basis.
The general rule is to handle raw food the same way you handle human raw meat.
Raw chicken bones are great for pets and are probably the most common bones; as long as they are not cooked. The cooking process changes the bone's constitution and the way they break. A cooked bone (especially the longer thigh and leg bones) tends to splinter and create very sharp edges.
Raw Chicken bones are soft enough for cats and toy dogs to chew and digest. Wings, necks and back (carcasses) are a great addition to any raw diet and are also good for puppies and kittens even before they actually eat them. Make sure to discard of leftovers.
Dogs tend to do that. The chewing process is very different with carnivores then it is with us (or herbivores). They do not have flat molars that grind the food. Some Dogs and cats will chew food only to the point where it is small enough for them to swallow and not necessarily more. Their digestive system is designed to digest bigger chunks of food then ours. If you are feeding ground raw food your dog may literally skip the chewing part and just swallow mouthfuls. The same is right for small pieces (or large dogs). Keep an eye on your pet when dealing with midsize bones, they don't always estimate their swallowing capacity correctly and they may seem to choke and then regurgitate for a second try at chewing the same piece. The best way to "teach" chewing properly is to always give RMBs that are a size too big.
There are many benefits associated with the raw food diet. Here is a brief list of the most commonly observed:
Risks are almost non-existent to healthy adult animals. Dogs and Cats have digestive systems designed to handle and destroy many bacteria that are harmful to humans such as Salmonella and E. Coli. They have a short, acidic digestive tract, which easily digests raw animal protein, fat and bones. If your pet is ill, or very weak/ old please consult a pet health care professional who is experienced with raw feeding. Handling and hygiene of the raw meat should be in the same fashion as the any other meat, and your pet's dishes and eating area should be thoroughly cleaned after each meal.
Raw chicken may contain bacteria. The dogs' digestive system can easily deal with it. (Humans can't and therefore we need to cook the food). Remember dogs naturally eat feces, soil and buried bones and lick their private parts. Their tolerance to bacteria is much higher than humans. Handling of the pet's food should be done with the same hygiene standards as any other raw meat.
Very often, when dogs (or people) make a switch to a more balanced, nutritious diet, they can sometimes display negative symptoms, such as (in the case of dogs) runny eyes, itchy skin, rashes and pimples, bad breath, vomiting, smelly ears. This is just a part of the healing cycle, in other words they are mobilizing toxins, which have been stored in the cells of the body. These symptoms should pass over a period of time, usually a few days.
Yes, although cats are said to be immune to it. It is caused by a bacterial-like organism (Neorickettsia helminthoeca) that lives in little flukes (flatworm), which parasite wild salmon. The poisoning is fatal on one hand but treatable on the other. The problem is that symptoms appear only 5-7 days after ingestion, so it is hard to detect. Freezing, cooking and smoking the fish will kill this organism and will make the fish harmless. All our suppliers use prolonged freezing as means to kill the organism (and for storage) and ensure all our raw salmon is perfectly safe for consumption.
Cooking is not recommended.
Cooking destroys the enzymes and some nutrients in raw food defeating the purpose of feeding a raw diet. Microwaving to defrost is also not recommended due to the uneven nature of microwave heating. Some of the food gets cooked when defrosting in the microwave. If you forget to take the food out to thaw, our suggestion for a quick defrost is to place the container in a dish of cool water in your sink (with the plastic rap). That will speed up the thawing process. In general, you should plan ahead to remove our raw pet food from your freezer and allow it to defrost in your refrigerator as you would with your own food.
Yes, you can feed both kibble/canned and raw. ... We usually don’t recommend it though and suggest separate meals. Mixing them just temporarily is acceptable.
Digesting raw or kibble requires different enzymes and kibble decreases the pH levels. With a less acidic stomach, bacteria like E coli and salmonella have a higher probability of surviving and thriving in your pet’s belly. Dogs & cat have evolved so that their digestive systems are able to neutralize bacteria, but when you start changing the pH level of their digestive tracts by feeding too many carbohydrates and starches, you could be open to a whole plethora of digestive and health problems.
If anything, kibble will do the opposite. The chewing of something hard (and starchy) will not add to clean teeth. The way to clean teeth is through a balanced diet, which will create healthy saliva, and plenty of Raw Meaty Bones including the soft and hard tissues.
Most kennels will accommodate raw or home-prepared food if they have a refrigerator/freezer on hand, just call and ask. If you are taking your pet on a trip, use a cooler to keep the food at a refrigeration temperature with dry or regular ice. If you are traveling for longer than a few days, you can also take some dehydrated (preferably raw) food. Stopping at the local market and buying some human grade chicken is always a good choice.
This is a common myth. Our grandparents and great grandparents fed their pets with raw scraps from their own meals because, at the time, there was no such thing as bagged kibble and canned pet food. However, pets should NEVER eat cooked bones from leftover meals from their human companions. Dogs and cats are carnivores and have the jaw structure to rip, tear and swallow prey animals. They do not have flat molars like humans meant for chewing things like grains and whole vegetables. In fact, they have no need for a human like diet, which is rich with carbohydrates and grains. Their digestive tracts are short and manufacture very harsh gastric juices meant to digest whole raw meat and bone and move it through their system very quickly. So, feeding your pet our raw food is not feeding them human food per se, but in fact, feeding them a species appropriate diet close to what they would get when eating a prey animal.
It's possible. A switch to raw food may alleviate allergic symptoms your pet may be having. There is a good chance that simply stopping the consumption of highly processed, grain based, commercial pet food, will improve those symptoms. Many pets are allergic to protein in grains. These allergies can be seen in symptoms of chronic yeast infections, skin rashes and stiff joints or arthritic conditions. Long-term exposure to large amounts of grains, for these animals, can be a precursor to more serious and permanent illness over time. But it is never too late to switch to a raw food diet. Pets of any age can be given a new diet and benefit from it very quickly.
That is a common urban myth. Your dog will not become a vicious hunter just because he has a raw diet. You may, however, notice more liveliness, especially if your dog used to be bloated and lethargic after meals.
According to many Vets, the focus in their studies is not nutrition but how to 'fix' the pets' health. The little instruction they ARE given with respect to nutrition, is given by the commercial pet food companies themselves.
Lack of knowledge and experience are what will usually be a Vet's reason for objecting to a raw diet. Consulting a vet who does have that kind of experience in order to get support and peace of mind, is recommended.
Yes, it is the best thing for her. As far as quantities, you will probably want to increase them significantly, some say to no upper limit. When lactating it is especially important to increase bone consumption and plenty of water.
Puppies can start eating (or trying to eat) raw meaty even before weaning. Wings, necks or backs can be an excellent way to introduce solid food to puppies and get their little jaws used to chewing. This will prepare them for later and give some relief to the lactating mom from the puppies' biting.
Current research is showing that genomes between avian species have less copy number variants than mammalians. So, the logical assumption that your pet is sensitive to one bird protein and will be to another, is not necessarily true.
Each protein is different, and you could be denying your pet a vital protein source. They may still have a reaction but, it is best to try each one before crossing it off your list. Many dogs allergic to chicken thrive with Turkey, Duck, Pheasant etc.
Variety is the spice of life and the heart and soul of a good raw diet.
Each protein has different vitamins and minerals. Limiting proteins can lead to nutritional deficiencies. We suggest a minimum of 3-4 different proteins per month for a good balance.